Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria – Unemployment is a significant issue that Nigerians have looked for over 10 years now. Most youngsters have no employments including a graduate of tertiary establishments of learning.
The unemployment rate has likewise increased throughout the years to 18.80 percent in the last quarter of 2017, and it is required to have declined at this point in spite of the few guarantees by the present government to fight it.
Among the unemployed populace are individuals everything being equal, instructive capabilities, ethnic foundation and age particularly youngsters of normal 21 years of age.
There are a few reasons why unemployment has endured in the nation and we will take a gander at them individually in this article.
- 1 1. Corruption
- 2 2. Poor Educational Standard
- 3 3. Absence of Valuable Skills
- 4 4. Religious/Ethnic Attitude
- 5 5. Absence of Government Established Expansion
- 6 6. Unfavorable Environment For Entrepreneurship
- 7 7. Population Explosion
- 8 8. Undeveloped Government Sectors
- 9 9. Ghost workers
- 10 10. Retirement Policies
Some senior authorities possessing significant offices in Nigeria are corrupt. This is a general issue from the federal to the local government levels.
They steal assets implied for laborers under them including compensations and back payments that have been denied for a considerable length of time.
The vast majority of these laborers don’t get the opportunity to get their total compensations in a year in light of the fact that deferred pay rates cover so a few months go unpaid.
Due to this corruption, there are scarcely enough assets to maintain current staff not to mention new ones thus the current staff are overworked in light of the fact that things that ought to have been finished by recently employed individuals are allocated to them instead.
Sometimes new laborers are really employed yet another person takes their pay rates and the employed individual isn’t even mindful of his name being on the payroll.
How can we build a modern and wealthy country if we can’t give our youngsters qualitative education? This is one question that should be answered by the Nigerian government.
It is painful to admit that the better part of Nigerian graduates can’t be effective competition for their colleagues from other parts of the world.
Every single year our institutions produce non-prepared students who have to fight to achieve good jobs. Considering the tough situation in the Nigerian labor market, most of the graduates are giving up on this fight and remaining unemployed.
Working with the government most occasions may not require specific skills yet the government can just take such a large number of individuals while the private sector employs skills.
The average Nigerian graduate doesn’t have any skills that make him employable from graduation. This represents an incredible test in light of the fact that the private sector has a requirement for laborers yet our graduates simply don’t meet those prerequisites.
For example, an international Non-governmental association may have an employment opportunity searching for Water and Sanitation authorities in Nigeria but since no such preparing is given in Nigerian Universities, even graduates of water resources engineering may not meet the necessities for such positions.
It is costly to further prepare and obtain skills that make one employable and most can’t bear the cost of it.
Numerous disciplines exist in Nigeria yet they don’t enable graduates with skills to have genuine effects after school so everyone looks for employment for a similar general activity every other person is doing.
The major issue in Nigeria is the issue of religious and ethnic sentiments. As I said before occupations are difficult to find in Nigeria yet when government employment opportunities do appear, compelling government officials choose who ought to be utilized. once in a while wind up employing every one of the individuals in their towns or religious backgrounds before individuals with far and away superior capabilities are ever considered.
No big surprise there is such a great amount of inadequacy in all administration workplaces in the nation.
The fundamental intrigue isn’t to extend employment opportunities to the individuals who will have any kind of effect however to families and companions of “enormous men” regardless of whether they have the stuff.
Another significant reason for joblessness is the absence of an extension of government facilities. For example in the training sector, the number of universities has as of late been expanded by the then president of the government republic of Nigeria Goodluck Jonathan.
In any case, the quantity of graduates leaving higher institutions is still a lot higher than the number the universities in the nation can take regardless of the way that the base necessity for work in such institutions is a masters degree with the exception of where a degree holder has a remarkable outcome.
A few Nigerian young people with the potential of educating in such higher institutions wind up making do with less in light of the fact that there is no space for them.
I have come across quite a few young graduates with big dreams about businesses that are not even thinking about working for the government.
Nevertheless, their dreams and expectations are shattered by factors such as lack of electricity, absence of capital and so forth.
Ideas without capital can certainly not work and since there is no operational plan in place for the government to assist young people who are potential entrepreneurs, their desires finally die and the join the long queue of jobless youths waiting for their turn to be employed.
Foreign investors who may build businesses and create jobs for young people (though it is not the best option) cannot do so because of a lack of constant power supply which is the number one condition for running any industry.
Nigeria has the reputation of being the most populous nation in Africa and may soon be challenging the United States of America.
The USA is more populous but they have a higher standard of living because they have a system that provides for the population.
But In Nigeria, corruption has eaten deep into our government functions so there isn’t much left to cater to the growing population which is why unemployment is so widespread. The population rate in Nigeria must be managed if the problem of unemployment will be taken care of.
There are numerous disciplines in Nigerian universities that produce graduates who are skillful however those graduates are not utilized in light of the fact that their specialization doesn’t coordinate any area in the nation.
For example, the natural sciences that Nigerians disdain are significant in sectors, for example, forensic science which is utilized to examine crime.
On the off chance that this part of the policy is useful the majority of the jobless science graduates today will be put to utilize promotion joblessness rate will decrease radically.
There is the case of ghost workers in which individuals mostly children and relatives of civil servants are placed on government payrolls from childhood and the parents or relatives in the service keep taking the salaries.
So one civil servant can be receiving the salaries of five more people on the payroll who don’t serve the government because they are ghost workers
Meanwhile, there are graduates out there hunting for jobs. It a thorough cleansing is not done to deal with those practicing this kind of evil acts, we cannot deal with unemployment in this country.
In the past university lecturers disturbed for an extension of their retirement age from 65 to 70 years when millions of graduates leave universities each year.
This kind of policy will keep the youths jobless since old workers who should retire and give room for employment stay another five years in the service. This is certainly a problem that has to worsen the unemployment state in the country.