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WAEC GCE Government Essay and Objectives Questions and Answers (Expo/Runz)
WAEC GCE Government Essay and Objective 2023 questions and answers can be seen here. The WAEC Government to Essay and Objective question paper will be brought in for the exam on Wednesday, 15th November, 2023. from 2:00pm – 4:00pm.
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WAEC GCE 2ND SERIES 2023: GOVERNMENT ESSAY ANSWERS
INSTRUCTION: YOU’RE TO ANSWER FOUR (4) QUESTIONS IN ALL. TWO FROM EACH SECTION
[CHOOSE ANY FIVE]
(i) Representation of diverse interests: In a multi-party system, different parties represent a wide range of ideologies, interests, and perspectives within society. This diversity ensures that various segments of the population have a voice and are represented in the decision-making process. It helps prevent the dominance of a single party or group and fosters inclusivity in governance.
(ii) Checks and balances: Multiple parties in a system act as checks and balances on each other. Opposition parties can scrutinize government policies, challenge the ruling party’s decisions, and propose alternative solutions. This dynamic ensures that power is not concentrated in the hands of a single party, reducing the risk of authoritarianism or abuse of power.
(iii) Accountability and transparency: A multi-party system encourages accountability and transparency in governance. Parties in opposition can hold the ruling party accountable for its actions, policies, and performance. The presence of multiple parties fosters a competitive environment, where parties strive to gain public support by being transparent, responsive to public concerns, and delivering on their promises.
(iv) Policy debates and informed decision-making: Different parties with varying ideologies and policy platforms engage in debates and discussions on various issues. This promotes a healthy exchange of ideas, encourages public discourse, and contributes to informed decision-making. The competition between parties to present their policies and win public support leads to a more robust and comprehensive policy development process.
(v) Flexibility and adaptability: A multi-party system provides flexibility and adaptability in responding to changing societal needs and challenges. As different parties vie for public support, they are compelled to be responsive to evolving public demands and preferences. This adaptability ensures that the government remains dynamic and capable of addressing emerging issues effectively.
(vi) Coalition building and consensus: In multi-party systems, governments often require coalition formations to secure a majority in the legislative body. Coalition governments encourage negotiation, compromise, and consensus-building among parties with different ideologies. This process can lead to more balanced and inclusive policies that reflect the interests of multiple parties, fostering stability and cooperation in governance.
(vii) Electoral competition: Multi-party systems typically involve competitive elections, where parties vie for public support through campaigns and political mobilization. This competition incentivizes parties to focus on the needs and aspirations of the electorate, leading to increased responsiveness and responsiveness to public concerns. Regular elections provide opportunities for citizens to evaluate the performance of different parties and hold them accountable through the power of the vote.
(i) Division of Powers: It establishes a system of checks and balances by distributing powers among different branches of government. This helps prevent the concentration of authority and ensures a balance of power, thereby preventing potential abuse.
(ii) Protection of Rights: Constitutions typically include a bill of rights that safeguards the fundamental rights and liberties of individuals. These rights, such as freedom of speech, assembly, and religion, act as a shield against potential government overreach, ensuring citizens’ civil liberties are protected.
(iii) Rule of Law: A constitution lays out the fundamental laws and principles governing the state. It provides a legal framework that all citizens and authorities must adhere to, ensuring consistency and predictability in the legal system. This adherence to the rule of law promotes stability and fairness within the society.
(iv) Mechanism for Governance: Constitutions establish the structure of government, define the powers of each branch, and outline the procedures for decision-making and policy implementation. This framework guides the functioning of the government, maintaining order and coherence in governance.
(v) Adaptability through Amendment: A constitution often includes provisions for amendments or revisions. This flexibility allows the document to adapt to changing societal needs, technological advancements, or shifts in public opinion, ensuring its relevance and effectiveness over time.
[ NUMBER 3 ]
(PICK FIVE ONLY)
(i) Representation: Legislators should act as a voice for their constituents, accurately representing their interests and concerns. This requires actively listening to constituents, attending community events, and engaging in dialogue to understand their needs and priorities.
(ii) Transparency: Legislators should maintain a high level of transparency in their work. This includes regular communication with constituents, providing updates on legislative actions, and explaining their positions and decisions.
(iii) Accessibility: Accessibility is key to effective representation. Legislators should be approachable and easily accessible to the public, either through regular office hours, town hall meetings, or online platforms. This ensures that constituents can voice their concerns and seek assistance when needed.
(iv) Advocacy: Legislators should advocate for their constituents’ interests at all levels of government. This involves introducing and supporting legislation relevant to their needs, engaging in committee work, and influencing policy decisions to empower and protect their constituents.
(v) Constituent Services: Legislators should provide effective and timely constituent services. This includes assisting with issues related to government services, providing resources for navigating bureaucracy, and offering support to individuals facing challenges in healthcare, education, or other areas.
(vi) Collaboration: Legislators should seek collaboration and build coalitions, both within their own party and across party lines. By working together, legislators can achieve better outcomes for their constituents and find common ground on important issues.
(vii) Accountability: Legislators should be accountable to their constituents by keeping their promises, fulfilling their commitments, and taking responsibility for their actions. This includes regularly updating constituents on their legislative efforts and being open to feedback and constructive criticism.
(viii) Engaging in Community Development: Legislators should actively contribute to the development and well-being of their constituent communities. This may involve supporting local initiatives, addressing community concerns through legislation, and fostering economic growth and opportunities for constituents.
[ NUMBER 4 ]
(i) Efficiency: When the state is less involved in the day-to-day operations of state-owned enterprises, it allows for more efficient management. Private sector expertise and market-driven decision-making can lead to improved efficiency, productivity, and profitability.
(ii) Competition: Allowing private sector participation in the running of state-owned enterprises encourages competition, which can drive innovation, improve service quality, and lower costs. Competition fosters a more dynamic business environment and benefits consumers.
(iii) Financial Sustainability: State-owned enterprises often struggle with financial sustainability due to inefficiencies, mismanagement, and political interference. By reducing state involvement, these enterprises can be better positioned to operate on sound financial principles, attracting private investment and ensuring long-term viability.
(iv) Accountability: When state-owned enterprises are less influenced by political considerations, they can operate with greater accountability. Private sector management brings a focus on performance, transparency, and results, reducing the risk of corruption and mismanagement.
(v) Economic Growth: A more hands-off approach to state-owned enterprises can contribute to overall economic growth. By allowing private sector participation, it stimulates investment, job creation, and entrepreneurship. This leads to a more vibrant and competitive economy.
(i) Voting and Holding Leaders Accountable: Vote in elections and make sure leaders do what they promise.
(ii) Supporting Education: Help with schools and learning so everyone can get smarter and have better jobs.
(iii) Starting Businesses and New Ideas: Make new businesses and cool stuff that helps make more jobs and money.
(iv) Helping in the Community: Spend time helping out in your neighborhood for better streets and happier people.
(v) Being Fair and United: Speak up for fairness and make sure everyone gets along, no matter where they’re from or what they believe in.
[ NUMBER 6 ]
(i) Preserving cultural heritage: Chiefs and traditional authorities serve as custodians of cultural heritage and traditional practices. Integrating them into democratic governance ensures that their knowledge and expertise in preserving culture is recognized and utilized. This helps in safeguarding Nigeria’s unique cultural identity in the face of modernization or externally imposed changes.
(ii) Enhancing legitimacy: Many local communities in Nigeria have strong attachment and respect for their traditional leaders. By incorporating chiefs and traditional authorities into democratic governance, it provides a sense of legitimacy to the local government structure. This can help in garnering support and trust from the local population, thereby reinforcing the democratic process at the grassroots level.
(iii) Promoting inclusivity: Traditional authorities often have a more direct connection to and understanding of the needs and problems of their communities. Including them in the decision-making processes ensures that the voices of marginalized or underrepresented groups are heard and considered. Chiefs can bridge the gap between local communities and the central government, bringing relevant local perspectives into policymaking.
(iv) Conflict resolution: Chiefs and traditional authorities are often skilled in conflict resolution due to their intimate knowledge of local dynamics. Their inclusion in democratic governance can contribute to peaceful resolution of disputes within communities, as they possess traditional mechanisms and cultural practices that have proven effective in resolving conflicts over time. This can promote stability and social cohesion at the community level.
(v) Strengthening accountability: Integrating traditional authorities into democratic governance can help strengthen accountability mechanisms by creating checks and balances. Chiefs can act as intermediaries between the government and the local community, ensuring that the needs of the people are met and that government policies are implemented effectively. They can serve as watchdogs to hold elected officials accountable and prevent corruption and abuse of power at the local level.
[CHOOSE ANY FIVE]
(i) Diversion of Resources: Political conflicts in Nigeria often lead to the diversion of essential resources away from development projects. Funds that could be allocated for infrastructure, education, and healthcare may be redirected to address immediate political concerns or security issues.
(ii) Instability and Uncertainty: Political conflicts create an atmosphere of instability and uncertainty, deterring foreign investments and hindering economic growth. Investors are hesitant to commit resources in an environment characterized by political unrest and unpredictability.
(iii) Impaired Governance: Ongoing political conflicts can result in weakened governance structures. Decision-making processes may be hindered, and the ability to implement and enforce policies for sustainable development may be compromised.
(iv) Social Disruption: Political conflicts often spill over into social unrest, disrupting communities and hindering social development. Displacement of populations, breakdown of social services, and increased crime rates are common consequences, impeding overall societal progress.
(v) Corruption: Political conflicts can exacerbate Corruption as individuals may exploit the chaotic environment for personal gain. Corruption diverts public resources away from developmental initiatives and undermines the effectiveness of public institutions.
(vi) Ethnic and Religious Tensions: Nigeria’s diverse population can experience heightened tensions during political conflicts, leading to ethnic or religious divisions. Such divisions hinder social cohesion and can divert attention and resources away from collaborative national development efforts.
(vii) Infrastructure Decay: Political conflicts may result in neglect and deterioration of infrastructure. Maintenance and development projects are often put on hold, leading to crumbling roads, inadequate power supply, and a lack of basic amenities that are crucial for overall development.
(viii) Brain Drain: Persistent political conflicts may drive skilled professionals and intellectuals out of the country in search of more stable environments. This brain drain deprives Nigeria of the expertise needed for sustainable development.
(ix) Educational Disruptions: Political conflicts can disrupt educational systems, affecting the quality and accessibility of education. Disruptions in schooling impede the development of a skilled workforce necessary for economic and social progress.
(x) Humanitarian Crises: Intensified political conflicts can lead to humanitarian crises, with displaced populations requiring urgent assistance. Humanitarian efforts divert resources from developmental projects, prolonging the cycle of underdevelopment.
(PICK FIVE ONLY)
(i) Lack of Member State cooperation: The UN’s effectiveness heavily relies on the cooperation and commitment of its member states. If member states do not prioritize conflict prevention or fail to contribute adequate resources and support, it can hinder the UN’s efforts.
(ii) Political divisions and rivalries: Political divisions among member states, particularly those holding veto power in the Security Council, can impede the UN’s ability to take decisive action. Rivalries and geopolitical considerations can limit consensus-building and hinder timely and effective response to conflicts.
(iii) Limited resources: The UN often faces resource constraints, including financial and logistical limitations. Limited funding can restrict the organization’s ability to carry out preventive diplomacy, peacekeeping operations, humanitarian assistance, and development initiatives, all of which are crucial in averting conflicts.
(iv) Proliferation of non-state actors: The rise of non-state actors, such as terrorist organizations or armed militias, poses significant challenges to the UN’s conflict prevention efforts. These groups often operate outside traditional state boundaries, making it difficult for the UN to engage with them and address the underlying causes of their actions.
(v) Sovereignty concerns: The principle of state sovereignty can sometimes impede the UN’s efforts in conflict prevention. Governments may be reluctant to allow external interference in their internal affairs, which can limit the UN’s ability to intervene effectively, even in situations where mass atrocities are occurring.
(vi) Weak enforcement mechanisms: The UN’s enforcement mechanisms, such as peacekeeping forces, sanctions, and international courts, can face limitations, including lack of political will, inadequate mandates, or insufficient resources. These factors can restrict the organization’s ability to ensure compliance with its decisions or resolutions.
(vii) Incomplete membership and representation: The exclusion or limited representation of certain countries or regions in the UN can undermine its credibility and effectiveness. If key stakeholders in a conflict are not adequately involved in decision-making processes, the UN’s ability to prevent conflicts can be compromised.
(viii) Complex conflicts and vested interests: Conflicts often have complex underlying causes, such as historical grievances, socio-economic disparities, or ethnic and religious tensions. Difficulties in addressing these underlying factors, coupled with vested interests of powerful actors, can hinder the UN’s ability to avert conflicts.
(CHOOSE ANY FIVE)
(i) Unity in Diversity: Federalism in Nigeria accommodates the country’s diverse ethnic, linguistic, and cultural groups. It allows for the coexistence of different states and regions with varying identities and interests under a central government.
(ii) Power Distribution: Federalism distributes powers between the central government and the constituent states. This helps prevent the concentration of power in one entity, fostering a system of checks and balances.
(iii) Local Autonomy: Each state within the federal structure has a degree of autonomy. This autonomy allows states to address local issues, make decisions that suit their specific needs, and promote regional development.
(iv) Conflict Resolution: Federalism provides a mechanism for conflict resolution between the central government and individual states. States can negotiate and address grievances within the federal framework, promoting stability and reducing the likelihood of secessionist movements.
(v) Resource Management: Nigeria’s federal system allows states to manage and benefit from their own resources. This can contribute to economic development, as states can capitalize on their unique strengths and resources.
(vi) Cultural Preservation: States within a federal system can preserve and promote their cultural heritage. This ensures that diverse cultural identities are recognized and respected, contributing to national unity.
(vii) Responsive Governance: Federalism facilitates responsive governance by allowing states to tailor policies to their local needs. This flexibility enhances the effectiveness of governance at both the federal and state levels.
(viii) National Integration: Despite regional differences, federalism can be a tool for national integration. It encourages collaboration and coordination between states and the central government for the overall development and well-being of the nation.
(ix) Economic Development: By decentralizing economic decision-making, federalism can contribute to balanced economic development across regions. States can implement policies that stimulate economic growth based on their unique economic circumstances.
(x) Democratic Governance: Federalism supports democratic governance by dispersing power. It allows citizens to participate in decision-making at both the federal and state levels, fostering a sense of inclusivity and civic engagement critical for a sovereign state’s stability.
(i) Economic Advancement: Embracing interdependence among states allows Nigeria to tap into a broader array of resources, markets, and investment opportunities, catalyzing economic growth through diversified trade and investment avenues.
(ii) Political Harmony and Security: Commitment to interdependence fosters regional stability by nurturing mutual diplomatic relations and cooperative security arrangements, consequently reducing the likelihood of conflicts and bolstering collective security efforts.
(iii) Cultural and Intellectual Exchange: Embracing interdependence facilitates cultural exchange and intellectual dialogue, enriching Nigeria’s social fabric with diverse perspectives, fostering social tolerance, and nurturing an environment conducive to innovation and creativity.
(iv) Technological Progress: Collaborative efforts with other states enable Nigeria to access new technologies and knowledge, fostering innovation and advancements across various sectors, thus accelerating national development.
(v) Enhanced Global Standing: Strengthening interdependence elevates Nigeria’s global positioning, providing the nation with increased influence in international affairs, bolstered diplomatic relations, and amplified participation in global decision-making forums, reinforcing its role as a significant actor on the global stage.
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WAEC GCE Government Past Questions 2023
In this post, we will be posting samples of the waec Government Essay and Objective questions for candidates who will participate in the examination for practice purposes.
Note that below are the questions from WAEC Government’s past questions and answers that we feel are likely questions for exam preparation.
PAPER 2 (Essay)
Answer only Four questions in the section.
Write your answers in the answer booklet provided.
1. (a) What is Political Socialization?
Political socialization is the process of the acquisition and transmission of political knowledge and value by individuals from one generation to another.
(b) i. It involves the transmission of values and beliefs of the political culture from one generation to the next.
ii. Political Culture is maintained and changed through political socialization. The values, beliefs, and orientations towards political objects and actions are transmitted as well as changed by this process.
iii. Political Socialisation is a lifelong learning process but its pace and role keep on changing from time to time. The process goes on continuously throughout the life of the individual.
iv. Political Socialisation provides the necessary knowledge and incentive for an individual’s participation in politics. Politically socialized individuals come forward to accept different roles in the political system.
v. In nature, Political Socialisation is similar to, in fact, a part of the process of socialization that is always at work in every society.
2. (a) Explain the concept of political participation.
(b) Highlight any four methods of political participation.
3. Define Public Corporation.
(a) A public corporation may be defined as a business organization established, owned, managed, and financed with taxpayer’s money by the government of a country with the main motive of making a profit but rendering essential services to members of the public.
(b) i. Financial Control: The accounts of public corporations are audited from time to time by government Auditors and a copy of the Auditors’ report is submitted to the Minister which he presents to the parliament and this prevents financial mismanagement.
ii. Judicial Control: As a legal entity that can sue and be sued, a public corporation can be dragged to court if it fails to act within the limits set by the law that established it and its action declared ultra vires.
iii. Ministerial Control: Ministers that are answerable to the parliament are given extensive power over public corporations. These include powers to appoint and dismiss members of the Board of Directors, determination of remunerations, and conditions of service, approval of all loans and major expenditures, etc.
iv. Public Control: Members of the public who consume goods and services of public corporations exercise some form of control through criticisms they level against these corporations.
4. (a) Highlight any four major objectives of the foreign policy of anyone West African Country.
(b) Outline any four ways of preventing military intervention in politics.
5. Highlight five reasons for the slow rate of nationalism in French-speaking West Africa.
6. i. Shortage of funds: The involvement of this organization in large-scale operations affects its financial resources. This has created over time, a shortage of funds.
ii. Sovereignty of nation: The U.N.O cannot effectively enforce its decision because member states are not ready to surrender their sovereignty to the authority of the organization.
iii. The veto power: Each of the five permanent members of the security council has veto power. This could be used at times to satisfy their selfish interest at the expense of fulfilling the objectives of the organization.
iv. Poverty: The inability of the united nation to effectively address the issue of poverty among member states.
v. Difference in ideology: There are differences in ideology, culture, politics, and methods used in pursuing an economic goal. This may negate the evolution of lasting peace in the world.
7. (a) Highlight four features of the 1979 Republican Constitution.
(b) State two ways by which the President could be removed from office according to the Constitution.
8. i. The constitution is not a product of any constitutional conference; It was hurriedly prepared by the outgoing military government of General Abdulsalam Abubakar. Thus, many Nigerians continue to criticize it and see it more as a military constitution than a civilian constitution.
ii. The constitution fails to define the roles of traditional rulers in government. The recognition of the Sharia courts contravenes the description of the country as being SECULAR.
iii. The constitution is not clear on the functions and creation of the local governments; This puts local governments at the mercy of the other governments. Then, this issue of the creation of more local governments has been a major source of conflict between states and federal governments. A classical example was Lagos vs Federal Government during Obasanjo’s administration.
10. (a) i. The village was the highest unit of administration.
ii. Existence of village assembly (Oha-na-eze/Umunna).
iii. The village priest/ diviner wielded a great deal of religious and judicial powers.
WAEC GCE Government Objective Questions 2023 Below.
PAPER 1 (Objective)
Answer All the questions in this section.
Write your answers in the answer sheet provided.
1. Case-laws are made by the _______
A. Judiciary B. President C. Executive D. Legislature
2.The two leaders that played prominent roles in the formation of ECOWAS were ______
A. Acheampong and Jawara
B. Gowon and Eyadema
C. Kerkoru and Tubman
D. Kounche and Senghor
3. The political party with the widest spread of membership in Nigeria during the second republic was the _____
A. GNPP B. UPN C. NPP D. NPN
4. The Aro system in Igboland was ______
A. a political organization
B. a commercial organization~
C. a religious organization
D. an imperial organization
5. Which of the following had a centralized administration in the per-colonial Nigeria?
A. The Igbos B. The Tivs C. The Ibibios D. The Yoruba’s
6. Which of the following organ control the civil service?
A. Parliaments and the court
B. Trade unions and the court
C. The police and parliaments
D. Tribunals and interest group.
7. The expenditure of the public fund by executives in Nigeria is controlled by the ______
A. Legislature B. Judiciary C. President D. Ministry of finance
8. In the Igbo political system, authority was shared among
A. Men and women with Ozo titles
B. All age groups and warrant chiefs
C. Elders of the community and ofo title holders
D. Title holders and age groups
9. A popular principle of colonial administration in British West Africa was _______
A. Association B. Indirect rule C. Assimilation D. Westernization
10. The crucial check on an autocratic Oba in Yoruba political system was _______
A. Presenting to him a suicide symbol
B. Avoiding the palace
C. Sending him on exile
D. Refusing to carry out his orders
11. According to Aristotle, a form of government in which the few rule for the benefit of all is ________
A. Diarchy B. Aristocracy C. Autocracy D. Polyarchy
12. Which of the following bodies is the most representative organ of the United Nations?
A. The security council
B. The trusteeship council
C. The General Assembly
D. The Economic and Social Council.
13. The pre-colonial Tiv society can be best described as ______
A. Republican B. Aristocratic C. Feudalistic D. Monarchical.
14. The major function of the civil service is ______
A. Keeping records of the activities of government
B. Keeping records of the activities of government
C. Promoting the interest of civil servants
D. Advising government and implementing its policies.
15. Which of the following is a feature of democracy?
A. Power vested in minority party
B. Popular consolation
C. Interdependence of stats
D. States responsibility to society.
16. When Nigeria achieved independence in 1960 the head of state as the ______
A. Governor-General B. Prime Minister C. Queen of England D. President
17. The first restructuring of the Nigerian federation took place with the _____
A. Military counter-coup of 1966
B. Creation of states in 1917
C. Abolition federalism in 1966
D. The creation of mid west region in 1963.
18. In parliamentary system, the term shadow cabinet is often used to refer to the ______
A. hack-benchers in the house
B. deputy prime ministers and assistant ministers
C. rebellious members of the ruling party
D. portfolio designates before the party in opposition.
19. Acculturation in colonial administration was associated with the ____
A. French policy of assimilation
B. British policy of direct rule
C. French policy of association
D. British indirect rule system.
20. An example of promotional pressure groups is ______
A. Supreme council of Islamic affairs
B. Nigerian medical association
C. Civil liberties organization
D. Manufacturers association of Nigeria.
21. The breakdown of the Macpherson constitution was partly caused by the crisis within the____
A. NCNC B. AG C. NPC D. NNDP
22. Nigeria is the major shareholder in the _______
A. OPEC fund for development
B. World Bank
C. International monetary fund
D. Trade union.
23. The official report of processing in parliament is known as ______
A. hansard B. diary of events C. gazette D. summary of pressing
24. The 1946 constitution was remarkable because it
A. created a ministerial position in Nigeria
B. introduce regional governments in Nigeria
C. introduced for the first time elective principle
D. brought about self-government for Nigeria.
25. The British government revoke the charter of the Royal Niger company and took over the administration of Nigeria in _____
A. 1861 B. 1885 C. 1900 D. 1914
26. In Nigeria the local government service commission is set up by the
A. Local government chairman
B. Federal government
C. Local government council
D. State government.
27. The head of common wealth of nation is _____
A. Chairman of the conference of the common wealth heads of government
B. Queen of great Britain
C. Prime minister of great Britain
D. Secretary-general of the common wealth.
28. Southern Nigeria was divided into Eastern and Western provinces for administrative purpose in _____
A. 1935 B. 1937 C. 1939 D. 1941
29. The OAU was founded on the principles of ______
A. Settlement of international disputes by armed struggle
B. Justifiable interference in the domestic affairs of member states
C. Sovereign equality of member states
D. Equal contribution by member states
30. A major feature which differentiated the 1963 and 1979 constitution was that in the former___
A. Ministers were appointed from the national assembly
B. Ministers were appointed from outside the national assembly
C. The prime minister was elected by the whole country
D. The national assembly comprised the Senates and the national assembly.
31. The structure of the civil service is based on
A. lateral organisation
B. merit system
C. patronage system
D. hierachical organization
32. A common feature of a multi-party system is that government is formed by
A. the major political party
B. all the registered political parties
C. a coalition of political parties
D. the party with the highest votes.
33. To qualify for absorption into the administration cadre of the civil service in Nigeria, an applicant must be
A. knowledgable in civil services rule
B. a holder of a first university degree
C. specifically trained in public administration
D. a senior civil serv.ant
34. The final interpretation pf the provisions of a federal constitution is vested in the
A. head of state
B. council of state
C. highest legislative body
D. highest court of the land.
35. A major issue that distinguishes pressure groups from political parties is
A. Membership drive
B. The objective
C. The voting pattern
36. Proportional representation is a system of allocating seats in the legislature based on
A. gender participation in polities
B. an area
C. contribution to the national economy
D. total votes in an election.
37. The application of the principle of separation of powers seems impracticable because powers is
38. When did Nigeria gain her Independence?
A. 1st October, 1963
B. 31st October, 1690
C. 1st October, 2012
D. 1st October, 1960
E. 12th October, 1992
39. The central legislature of Nigeria became bicameral in
40. Which of these constitutions recognized local government as a third tier of government in Nigeria?
A. 1946 Constitution.
B. 1960 Constitution.
C. 1963 Constitution.
D. 1979 Constitution.
41. Under the 1963 constitution, items not listed in the exclusive and concurrent list were within the exclusive competence of the
B. federal parliament
C. regional legislatures
42. Before Nigeria became a republic, the highest body charged with the administrator of justice was the
A. Privy council
B. High court
C. Supreme court
D. Court of appeal
43. The equivalent of the commissioner at the local government level is the
A. Executive chairman
D. Supervisory councilor.
44. The Independent National Electoral Commission has the power to prepare and maintain the register of
A. Political parties
D. Electoral candidates.
45. The president of Nigeria is advised on the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the country by the
A. National Security Council
B. National Defense Council
C. Council of state
D. Federal Executive Council
46. The Nigerian Youth Movement collapsed as the result of
A. Its failure to win election
B. Shortage of funds to run its affairs
C. The harassment of its leadership by the government.
D. The breakup of its leadership.
47. The first restructuring of the Nigerian Federation took place with the
A. Creation of mid-west Region in 1963
B. Abolition of federalism in 1966
C. Military counter-coup in 1966
D. Creation of states in 1967.
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